Lesson 1

Lesson Goal

This lesson covers the alphabet, vowels, consonants, and phonetics.

Alphabet

ABCDEFGHIJKLM
abcdefghijklm
NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
nopqrstuvwxyz
  • The English alphabet only has 26 letters. Each letter has two forms: an upper-case form and a lower-case form
  • 4 letters in Spanish don’t exist in English. They are: ñ, ll, rr, ch

Vowels

aeiou
  • Just like Spanish, English has five vowel letters: a, e, i, o, u
  • Each vowel makes three different sounds: short, long, and schwa
Short Vowel Sounds
aeiou
hatredsitdogrun
Long Vowel Sounds
aeiou
tableeatbikeroseblue
  • Long vowels are pronounced like the name of the actual letter
Schwa Vowel Sounds
aeiou
againthefamilymothertruth

Consonants

bcd
ballcatdog
fgh
feetgoodhouse
jkl
juicekeylong
mnp
mapnewspiano
qrs
quarterredsong
tvw
tenvestwent
xyz
xylophoneyeszoo
  • English has 21 consonant letters
  • Every letter that is not a vowel is a consonant
  • Each consonant has its own sound

What is the Silent E?

  • Many words (usually at the end) in English have a letter “e” that isn’t pronounced and is silent
  • The letter “e” in the word turns a different vowel sound a long vowel

Y: Vowel or Consonant?

  • The letter “y” can be either a vowel or a consonant
  • It is usually a vowel when it is in the middle or at the end of a word
  • It is usually a consonant when it is at the beginning of a word

Vowel Teams

  • A vowel team is when more than one vowel letters work together to make one sound
  • Vowel teams are common and can be found in a lot of words

These are the most common vowel teams:

aipaid
aybay
eatea
eegreen
ietie
yebye
oaboat
oetoe
oicoin
oytoy

Consonant Blends

  • A consonant blend is when multiple consonant letters work together to make one sound
  • Just like vowel teams, consonant blends are common and can be found in a lot of words

These are the most common consonant blends:

blblueprpresent
brbreadschschool
chcheckscrscream
clclockshshout
crcryslsled
drdrivesmsmall
flflysnsnow
frfrogsplsplash
glglasssprspread
grgreenstrstreet
ntantththe
phphototrtrain
plplaywhwhite

Practice

Coming Soon